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UK Nature  > Wild Flowers  > Yellow Wild Flowers  > Taraxacum officinale

  • Single flower from above
  • Underside of flower
  • Flower head showing seeds and pappi (sets of feathery bristles)
  • Close up of seeds, showing the barbs which help in propogation
  • 'Pin cushion' appearance of head after all seeds have left
  • Basal rosette, from which leafless flower stems rise
  • Single leaf, showing common name origin; lion's teeth (dent de lion)

Scientific Name:   Taraxacum officinale
Common Name:   Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale, more commonly known as Dandelion, is a hairless or sparsely hairy plant, which can grow up to 60cm in height. Leaves form a basal rosette with very uneven teeth, very rarely entire. Flowerheads are solitary on the end of a long leafless stem, and are composed of ray florets only. Involucre of small spreading scales on the outside and longer appressed narrow scales on the inside.

The well-known Dandelion 'clock' is composed of many individual fruits, each with a long beak and an umbrella-shaped feathery pappus. Flowering season is April to December. Usual habitat is wasteground, hedgerows, roadside verges, meadows, gardens and parks. Widespread and very common throught the UK.
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