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UK Nature > Wild Flowers > Yellow Wild Flowers > Anthyllis vulneraria
Scientific Name: Anthyllis vulneraria
Common Name: Kidney Vetch
Anthyllis vulneraria, more commonly known as Kidney Vetch, Lady's Slipper, Lady's Fingers, Cat's Claws and Yellow Crow's Foot, is a striking and attractive plant. It has traditionally been used in the past as a remedy for kidney disorders. A very variable species, this perennial wild plant is native to the UK, surviving in drier areas until late summer.
It is the only source of food for the caterpillars of the Small Blue butterfly. Its flowers are usually yellow, but can vary from orange, to pink or red and has silvery green pinnate leaves. The flower head has a woolly calyx and is clustered with many small flowers, hence one of the common names: 'Granny's pincushions'.
Common throughout Britain, it can be found on chalk grassland, sand dunes, rocky banks and cliffs. A variety with red flowers can be found in Pembrokeshire and Cornwall. Its flowers have been used to make yellow dye and its Latin name means 'wound healer' as it has been used for wounds, cuts and bruises.
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