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UK Nature  > Wild Flowers  > Yellow Wild Flowers  > Ficaria verna

  • Overall view of plant, showing both flowers and leaves
  • Close up of flower
  • Close up of leaf



Scientific Name:   Ficaria verna
Common Name:   Lesser Celandine

Ficaria verna (formerly Ranunculus ficaria), commonly known as Lesser Celandine or Pilewort, is a low-growing, hairless perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae), unlike the Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus), which belongs to the poppy (Papavaraceae) family.

It has fleshy dark green, heart-shaped leaves and distinctive flowers with bright yellow, glossy petals. It prefers bare, damp ground and is considered by horticulturalists in the United Kingdom as a persistent garden weed; nevertheless, many specialist plantsmen, nursery owners and discerning gardeners in the UK and Europe collect selected cultivars of the plant, including bronze-leaved and double-flowered ones.

Emerging in late winter with flowers appearing March through May in the UK, its appearance across the landscape is regarded by many as a harbinger of spring.










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