Scientific Classifications explained
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UK Nature > Wild Flowers > White Wild Flowers > Silene latifolia
Common Name: White Campion
Scientific Name: Silene latifolia
In appearance other than colour, White Campion is very similar to the Red Campion, Silene dioica. The two species cope well in overlapping habitats and so are often seen growing together. Up to a metre in height, these hairy perennials have stalkless upper hairy leaves in opposite pairs. The leaves are entire (not toothed) and oval with pointed tips, and near the base of the plant they have unwinged stalks.
Flowers of White Campion grow in clusters and each flower has five bi-lobed white petals forming a corolla 2.5 to 3cm across. The calyx is long and inflated but much narrower than in Sea Campion and Bladder campion - the two other white Silene species found in the wild in Britain and Ireland. A mainly lowland perennial, White Campion is less frequently encountered than Red Campion in western Britain and Ireland but it is more widespread and common in eastern England. In areas where there are both Red Campion and White Campion are present you may occasionally find what appear to be White Campion plants with pale pink flowers; these are simply hybrids of the two species.
It often grows on waste ground, disturbed roadside verges and arrable field margins that are well drained. Unlike Red Campion, this species shows a marked preference for alkaline to neutral soils and, unlike many wild flowers, the flowers of White Campion remain open as dusk descends, at which time they are slightly scented and attract moths as pollinators.
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