Scientific Classifications explained
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UK Nature > Wild Flowers > White Wild Flowers > Alliaria petiolata
Common Name: Garlic Mustard
Scientific Name: Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata, commonly known as Garlic Mustard, is a biennial flowering plant in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae. In the first year of growth, plants form clumps of round shaped, slightly wrinkled leaves, that when crushed smell like garlic. The next year plants flower in spring, producing cross shaped white flowers in dense clusters. As the flowering stems bloom they elongate into a spike-like shape.`
When blooming is complete, plants produce upright fruits that release seeds in mid summer. Plants are often found growing along the margins of hedgerows, giving rise to the old British folk name of Jack-by-the-hedge. Other common names include Garlic Root, Hedge Garlic, Sauce-alone, Jack-in-the-bush, Penny Hedge and Poor Man's Mustard. The genus name Alliaria, "resembling Allium", refers to the garlic-like odour of the crushed leaves.
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