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Scientific Name: Centaurea cyanus
Common Name: Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus, more commonly known as Cornflower, is an annual flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to Europe. It is an annual plant growing to 40 - 90 cm tall, with grey-green branched stems. The leaves are lanceolate, 1 - 4 cm long. The flowers are most commonly an intense blue colour, produced in flowerheads 1.5 - 3 cm in diameter, with a ring of a few large, spreading ray florets surrounding a central cluster of disc florets.
Its leaves are heart-shaped with rounded teeth and are usually hairless. It has 2 slender bracts, 6 sepals, spear shaped and lobed at the base and 5 overlapping petals with a backward-pointing spur. The plant is an early nectar source for butterflies and is the larval host plant for a range of Fritillary butterflies, including the Small Pearl-Bordered, the Pearl-Bordered and the Silver-Washed Fritillaries.
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