Scientific Classifications explained
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Common Name(s): Dog Rose
Scientific Name: Rosa canina
The Dog Rose is the stylised rose of mediveval heraldry. Known in Shakespeare's time as eglantine, what this native rose lacks in scent it makes up for in blushing beauty. There are many species of wild dog rose, Rosa canina, which are all very similar and difficult to identify; they all have white or pink flowers, thorns and red hips in the winter. The deciduous Dog Rose has arching stems with curved thorns, blue-green leaves divided into five to seven hairless leaflets, and pink or white flowers (with five petals) often growing in clusters of two or three. It is a scrambling shrub, found in hedgerows, woodland edges, on sand dunes and grasslands. It is the most abundant of our native, wild roses, with sweet-scented pink or white flowers that appear in June and July. In the autumn, it produces bright red rosehips that are often eaten by birds and small mammals such as bank voles.
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