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Common Name(s): Red Dead-nettle
Scientific Name: Lamium purpureum
Lamium purpureum, more commonly known as Red Dead-nettle, is a member of the Mint family, and this annual plant grows to 20cm in height with an obviously square-looking 4-angled stem. Leaves opposite, stalked, heart-shaped and toothed. Calyx narrowly bell-shaped. Corolla 0.8 - 1.2 cm long, with narrow, straight tube. Lower lip 3-lobed, with thread-like teeth at the sides. Anthers violet, with white hairs. Evidence of red dead-nettle has been found in Bronze Age deposits, and it seems likely that this plant was introduced to Britain with early agriculture. Red dead-nettles are so-called as they do not sting. Flowering season is April to November. Found in waste ground, cultivated land, hedgerows, gardens, rough grassland and on railway and road verges. Common throughout much of the UK, to altitudes of 610 meters.
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