Scientific Classifications explained
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UK Nature > Wild Flowers > Blue & Purple Wild Flowers > Solanum dulcamara
Scientific Name: Solanum dulcamara
Common Name: Bittersweet, Woody Nightshade
Solanum dulcamara, more commonly known as Bittersweet or Woody Nightshade, is a perennial vine or scrambling shrub with slender stems in the Nightshade Family. Flowers have star-shaped, purple, backward-pointing petals and stamens fused in a prominent yellow cone; grow in clusters along branches on short stalks extending out from the stems. Berries are round or egg-shaped and bright red when ripe with numerous yellow, flattened seeds; unripe berries are green.
Leaves are dark-green to purplish and often with one or two small ear-like lobes near the base, leaf blades are 1 to 4 inches long. The main root grows horizontally just below the surface and suckers frequently. Commonly found along edges of fields, vacant lands, roadsides, and along streams and wetlands where it thrives in moist soil and partial shade.
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