Scientific Classifications explained
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UK Nature > Birds > Erithacus rubecula
Common Name: Robin
Scientific Name: Erithacus rubecula
Erithacus rubecula, more commonly known as the Robin, measures approximately 14cm in length. The brown back and wings and the red face and breast distinguish it from any other UK species. Young Robins have speckly brown breasts.
The commonest call heard is a loud and rapid 'tic-tic-tic' but their song, heard throughout the year, apart from a few weeks in mid-summer, is a melodious medley of high pitched trills and warbles.
Insects, spiders and other small invertebrates are the main diet of the Robin, although small seeds and soft fruits are also eaten and all kinds of foods are taken from bird tables in winter. Robins have a special liking for live meal-worms and will sometimes take them from the hand.
Their nest is a cup of leaves and moss, lined with hair and fine roots, built in dense vegetation or in a cavity. Common almost everywhere, they can be found in woods, parks, hedgerows and gardens. Few British gardens, even in towns, are without a robin. Strongly territorial for most of the year.
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